In my last post, I mentioned that the key to attaining both types of happiness (the Good Life as well as the Divine Life) for the followers of Hinduism is the practice of dharma. It can be translated as a virtue meant to cultivate positive feelings towards others while overcoming any animosity.
In addition, the Divine Life flows from the Good Life, both achieved through the practice of dharma, or vitue. The Good Life represents wealth, success, recognition, and intellectual and aesthetic pleasures. The Divine Life is the ultimate aim of life representing freedom from pain and suffering.
The path for the attainment of happiness is very similar to that presented in my book, as expressed by the great thinkers and the masters of the fine arts. The Hindu “Good Life” is similar to the Journey: the Journey being the first three galleries of the exposition. The first three galleries represent education and preparation as well as the development of social skills and friendships leading to exposure activities delivering wealth, achievement, prestige, and recognition.
The path for the Divine Life, which flows from the Good Life, is similar to the Adventure galleries of my book: the fourth, fifth, and six galleries of the exposition. These galleries represent the call to adventure to seek the boon for society and the return back to the everyday world with the boon in hand. The capture of the boon and its delivery to society is what produces happiness for the individual as well as the flourishing of society.
Like the Hindu dharma, the Adventure requires five virtues for happiness to be attained: wisdom, courage, moderation, justice, and love of one’s neighbor. And like the Hindu Good Life, the Journey must be successful before the Adventure (like the Hindu Divine Life) can be contemplated. Moreover, as in the Hindu tradition, the goal of the Divine Life is similar to the end of the West’s Adventure – freedom from pain and suffering and an integration with universal values.
So, the Hindu way to happiness is very similar to that of the West. The path is hierarchical (the Good Life leads to the Divine Life which leads to freedom from pain and suffering, or moksha) and the vehicle for traveling the path is virtue, or dharma, without which happiness can not be achieved.
As with Buddhism, it is comforting to know that a major religious tradition from the East approaches the path to happiness in a similar fashion as the traditions from the West.
Next up, Islam and happiness.